The Third Week..
Ms Mima began the class by asking us this question: “Think about your own self-actualization, what will you be in the 5 to 10 years ahead?”
We reviewed about last week topic on ‘needs’ by answering this question. This question is very interesting. Everyone had different answers. It means self-actualization for each person is different one to another.
Miss Mima then asked us do free writing with 4 guiding questions. It has been so long since I did a free writing passage during class. I didn’t write so long. The topic of the writing is about my expectation of this MMSEL course and my learning experience in SSE. We kept our free writings until the next activity.
We did jigsaw reading in groups after that. We discussed about Beliefs in Learning and there are 4 big topics. Glad we have jigsaw reading so I didn’t need to read the whole materials because my group members will help me to understand the materials.
I got the topic of Beliefs about Intelligence. Basically, there are two views on this. The first one is Entity View of Intelligence, a view that said intelligence of a person is fixed. The second one is Incremental View of Intelligence, believes that a person’s intelligence is not fixed, it can be improved. This two views can give different impact on students’ motivation and expectation in learning. For example: there is a student who perform low on his mid exam in mathematics subject. If this student has entity view, he would say that this low score is because he is never good in math just like his brother. But, when he has the incremental view, he would say that he was not trying quite hard at that time and wish to perform better if he had tried harder. Students who view theirs intelligence as something fixed will more likely to have low motivation and expectation when they get low score. This is not good for them. Teachers should pay attention of these two views that students’ may have so that teacher can give motivation for these students properly.
Other member of my group also explained to me the other topics. Arum explained about Expectation: Belief about future outcome. It tells us that students’ expectation on their future outcome might be influenced by their past performance. It’s like students who usually get high score in math will probably has higher expectation than those who do not perform so well. Their expectation on their learning will also contribute to their beliefs about the future outcome from the learning. It is very good to have a high expectation on learning, rather than having low expectation while learning. Teacher should encourage students to have high expectation on themselves in learning.
Next one, Eritha told me the topic of Beliefs about capability. She explained about the different between self-efficacy and self-concept. A student might have ‘positive’ or ‘negative’ self-concept on mathematics, but this student also can have ‘high’ or ‘low’ self-efficacy on certain topic in mathematics subject. For example: there is a student who loves mathematics and she is very good in this subject. It means that she has a positive self-concept on mathematics. But, when it comes to probability, a topic in math subject, she thinks she needs to work extra hard on that in order to catch up with the class. This shows that she has a low self-efficacy on topic probability.
The last one was explained by Ester, Beliefs about value. There are three values that students may have in the learning process: attainment value, utility value, and cost. Attainment value is when students beliefs that things they do are done by them because they really like to do it (their own passion). While utility value means that students perceive on things they do as something useful for them in the future. For example: Tina and Mimi are both students in a singing class. Tina really loves singing so that she joined the class. But for Mimi, the reason why she joined the class is because she wants to be a drama musical artist, so she needs to practice her singing in order to support her dream. For the cost value, it is things that someone need to pay or sacrifice when wanting something. Like for instant, you need to sacrifice your time to practice singing so that you can be a good singer.
That was all the materials I got from my group discussion this time.
After we finished discussing, Ms Mima returned our free writing and made us to work in pair. Ms Mima asked us to note which part in the free writing is classified as one of the fourth beliefs above. It was not difficult for me to find it, since I have understood the whole topics as explained by my friends.
What happen next? after knowing these beliefs..
As a teacher, I think it is important to understand my students’ beliefs about their selves. Their beliefs will impact their motivation in learning, and later will also impact their performance. Teacher should pay attention to these possible beliefs and then give them help.