What do you need in life? If we ask this question to other people, perhaps they have different answers but also similar answers. There are some aspects where people have different level of needs but also have same level of needs. Every one need food to survive, need love to feel better and need someone to be safe. This explanation covered by a theory from Abraham Maslow, we called this theory as Maslow’s Hierarchy.
We had very interesting activities and discussion about this theory at my MMSEL’s course with Ibu Mima. Ibu Mima divided us into some groups and made a discussion about Maslow’s Hierarchy. This theory said that each of us is motivated by needs. Our most basic needs are inborn, having evolved over tens of thousands of years. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs helps to explain how these needs motivate us all. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs states that we must satisfy each need in turn, starting with the first, which deals with the most obvious needs for survival itself.
If we related this Hierarchy to the educational issues, we will find many things. Why there are some smart students but still many lazy students? Why our students should study hard before exam? The answer is because they have different motives, background and reasons.
Other activities that I liked so much from my last class is role play activities. Our groups got a task to represent an autonomy situation in the classroom. Quoted from Mohanty (2010) stated that In basic terms ‘learner autonomy’ can be defined as ‘one’s taking his own learning responsibility’. According to a large body of empirical research in social psychology, “autonomy – feeling free and volitional in one’s actions” (Deci, 1995)- is a basic human need. An autonomous person is one who has an independent capacity to make and carry out choices which govern his or her actions. For a definition of ‘autonomy’ in learning situation, we might quote Holec (1981) who describes it as ‘the ability to take charge of one’s learning’. In David Little’s terms, learner autonomy is ‘essentially a matter of the learner’s psychological relation to the process and content of learning– a capacity for detachment, critical reflection, decision-making, and independent action’ (Little, 1991).
Devi Archana Mohanty. (2010). Implementing Learner Autonomy in Indian Language Classroom.