Theoretical Views of Motivation

First group post of this class is about motivation theories. Our members are Anggi S. F., Firzie B. R., Siti F. A., and Septiani. Here we tried to provide a short material from the class and give a case that interested us for most. This case was gotten from our own teaching assistance experience last semester. Hope you can find it useful. Thanks

Motivation is an encouragement that makes someone more interest to do something.

Intrinsic motivation

–          Motivation that comes from internal personal

–          An encouragement, willingness that comes from each person for own sake

Extrinsic motivation

–          A motivation come from external factors to individual that which doesn’t have relation between both of them in term performance

–          An encouragement that comes from outside in doing as a means to an end

Theories of Motivation

  1. Behavioral Theory

This theory focuses on changes in behavior that result from experiences in the environment. External factors like reward and punishment play a significant role in determining student’s motivation.

  1. Humanistic Theory

Humanistic theory emphasizes on people’s attempts to fulfill their full potential as human beings. It gives huge space for students’ personal growth, freedom to choose their own destinies, and positive qualities.

  1. Cognitive Theory

It focuses on students’ competence motivation, their internal motivation to achieve, their attributions, and their beliefs that they can effectively control their environment.

  1. Sociocultural Theory

It stresses the need for affiliation or relatedness that involves establishing, maintaining, and restoring warm, close, personal relationships.


Case study

In a particular school in Jakarta, there are some students that don’t motivate enough to learn in school. Since they come from prosperous families, they are able to join private courses outsides the school. This condition makes them think that they are equipped enough to face the test and consider school time only as an opportunity to socialize with their peers. They also threat school as their channel to develop their nonacademic potential (e.g. extracurricular activities) through a formal way.

What motivation theory related to this case?

Based on our case discussion, students there are lack of intrinsic motivation to learn in school. There is no motivation inside their mind to learn and since there is no one reminds them, they become less motivated. However, they have extrinsic motivation to meet their friends in school. The worse, maybe to meet peers is their only reason to go to school. They think that they will not get any more knowledge there. Everything is already given at the private courses. Based on humanistic theory of motivation, these students may have freedom to choose what they want in school. Nevertheless, they have misconception between academic and non-academic achievement. They make non-academic achievement as a priority rather than academic achievement, that actually both should be balanced. Thus, as a teacher we need to give them more interesting class to gain their attention. We have to give something that they do not get in their private courses to motivate them in class.